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What Is A Normal Blood Pressure For A Woman Over 60
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Blood pressure numbers are an important indicator of health, which is why many doctors recommend monitoring them at home as you age. But there is no point in doing so if you don’t know what the readings mean or how to combine them properly.
What’s more, readings can vary throughout the day and can depend on factors such as hydration and stress. Also, the ranges of numbers that indicate high, low, and normal blood pressure vary based on your age.
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New Guidelines For High Blood Pressure Diagnosis And Treatment
When the heart pumps, blood pressure is the force that pushes blood through the arteries, delivering oxygen and nutrients to the muscles and tissues throughout the body. A normal blood pressure is necessary for your muscles to work well and avoid damage.
Blood pressure can change based on your age, health and other lifestyle factors. It’s important to monitor these numbers because when your blood pressure suddenly rises or falls or stays high or low for a long time – it can be a sign of poor health and can have serious health consequences. premature death
An easy way to track your blood pressure is with a home blood pressure monitor. In fact, many of the home monitors in our best blood pressure monitor rating bag have color-coded readings that make it easy to tell if your blood pressure is high or in the normal range.
Although many home monitors have features that make it easier to interpret your readings, it’s important to understand what your blood pressure readings mean and what normal and high readings indicate.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure By Age?
Blood pressure readings have two numbers: the top number, called systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number, called diastolic blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure measures how much pressure your blood is on the artery walls. Ian Del Conte Pucci, MD, a cardiologist and vascular medicine specialist at the Miami Heart and Vascular Institute. Says, “The pressure in our arteries changes with each heartbeat. When the heart contracts, it pumps extra blood into the circulation, which increases the pressure.” This increase is measured by systolic blood pressure.
Diastolic pressure measures the pressure in the system when the heart is at rest, Dr. says Posey. Systolic blood pressure is the highest pressure during a heartbeat, and diastolic blood pressure is the lowest pressure between heartbeats when the heart relaxes briefly.
A normal blood pressure reading “indicates that the heart and blood vessels are not working too hard to pump blood and that there is not too much pressure on the artery walls,” says Asim Desai, MD, in Providence. Says the cardiologist. Mission Hospital. in Southern California. Recent data from the American Heart Association suggests that the best normal reading for adults over 20 years of age is 120/80 mmHg  Virani S, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics – 2021 update. American Heart Association Journal. 2021; 143:e254-e743. .
What Is Normal Blood Pressure And What Causes It To Go High Or Low?
Blood pressure can vary depending on a person’s age, sex, race, and ethnicity, but Dr. Native comments. Although numbers below 120/80 are considered normal, Dr. Desai adds, “Treatment targets blood pressure that varies by age (for example, if one is considered elderly) and associated medical conditions (for example, diabetes).
Previously, guidelines for normal blood pressure for adults varied by gender and specific age, but new data suggest that normal blood pressure for adults is less than 120/80 mmHg  Symptoms and causes of high blood pressure. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 16/7/2021. .
When it comes to race and ethnicity, Dr. Desai says. “Non-Hispanic blacks have higher blood pressure than non-Hispanic whites, and Hispanics and non-Hispanic Asians have lower blood pressure than the first two,” he says.
Reasons for this change range from substandard insurance coverage and poor access to health care to gaps in the use of medications to treat many conditions, with “decreased adherence in some groups.”
Blood Pressure Chart: Ranges, Hypertension, And More
Regardless of gender, women with normal blood pressure are more likely to develop heart disease, says Jennifer Wang, MD, of the Memorial Care Heart and Vascular Institute of Noninvasive Cardiology in Fountain, Orange Coast. In the medical center. Valley, California.
An increased risk of myocardial infarction and heart failure was noted earlier this year in women starting with systolic blood pressure greater than 110 mmHg,” said Dr. Gender differences in blood pressure associations with cardiovascular outcomes. Circulation 2021 ; 143:761-763. . “Increased risk is comparable to risk in men in the upper blood pressure range.”
There are five stages of blood pressure: normal and four distinct stages of high blood pressure, ranging from extreme treatment to emergency.
Dr. A systolic reading below 90 indicates low blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
A systolic blood pressure of 120 to 129 and a diastolic of less than 80 indicates high blood pressure and is therefore at risk of developing high blood pressure.
“When blood pressure rises, the workload on the heart and arteries increases,” says Dr. Desai says. “This leads to thickening (hypertrophy) of the heart muscle, which can lead to heart failure.” It also causes micro-tearing of the artery wall, which leads to cholesterol deposits (atherosclerosis). blood pressure.
Stage I hypertension is defined as a systolic reading of 130 to 139 and a diastolic reading of 80 to 89.
Treating this stage of hypertension by suggesting a healthy lifestyle, Dr. Wang says – eat more vegetables and whole grains, consume less salt, increase physical activity, manage stress – and medication may be needed if blood pressure falls within this range. Over a period of time in people with other cardiovascular risk factors.
What’s The Best Blood Pressure Target For Older Adults?
According to the 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines, adults with stage 2 hypertension should start medication after three to six months of non-pharmacological treatment, says Dr. Wong adds. If it is not treated, there is a risk of atherosclerosis – the thickening or hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup inside the arteries. Risk factors for atherosclerosis may include high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical activity and saturated fat intake.
Stage II hypertension is marked by a systolic reading of at least 140 and a diastolic reading of at least 90. It’s usually treated with a combination of medications and healthy lifestyle prescriptions, says Dr. However, this stage of hypertension is more serious than the previous one and should be closely monitored.
A hypertensive crisis is an emergency that occurs when the systolic blood pressure exceeds 180 and the diastolic reading exceeds 120. “Symptoms of sudden limb loss, paralysis, headache, visual changes, dizziness should be sought immediately. Chest pain or shortness of breath,” said Dr. Wang.
You can measure your blood pressure at home with a wrist blood pressure monitor or an upper arm blood pressure monitor. Experts often recommend upper arm cuffs because they are the most accurate. The upper arm cuff can be supplied with a manual or either
Diastolic Blood Pressure: How Low Is Too Low?
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